Catriona Rowntree headed 800km east from New Zealand across the Pacific Ocean to the Chatham Islands
. She was excited to reach the islands, which have been a territory of New Zealand since 1842, a place no-one she knows has ever visited.
Just two of the isolated group of 10 islands are inhabited: Chatham, the largest, and Pitt. The rest are conservation reserves with limited or restricted access. It's the first inhabited land in the world to greet the dawn.
An all-male group of German Lutheran missionaries arrived in 1843. A group of women joined them three years later and several marriages ensued. Many of the present-day population can trace their ancestry to the missionary families.
Chatham and Pitt have a population of around 600 people and their economy relies on farming and fishing, and hopefully tourism will be the next big earner. Chatham Islands tourism is based on a tradition of providing a host system for the visitor, from accommodation to guided tours.
The only way to get around is by private car or foot. Forget about taxis and buses and there is no mobile phone access.
Waitangi, the main settlement, has a hospital with resident doctor, bank, service station, several stores, and engineering and marine services. The main shipping wharf is there.
Attractions for visitors are based on a natural environment evolved over millions of years of isolation. Formed by ancient Pacific volcanoes, the islands are home to rare fauna and flora and conservation programs are progressively restoring original forest cover. The glorious, blue forget-me-not festival is held there each November and December.
Visitors are delighted to see 18 species of bird, including the wiki bird, which is endangered everywhere else, but thriving in the Chathams.
There's a rugged landscape of volcanic peaks, cliffs and dunes, farmland, lakes, rocky shores and sandy beaches. The deep, cold waters supply lobster, abalone, cod, groper, flounder, kingfish and many other delicacies. Crayfish export is particularly lucrative and visitors can thumb a ride on a crayfish boat.
Paua shellfish is shucked, chilled, bleached and canned before heading to China and Hong Kong. It brings in lots of money but diving for it is dangerous. Catriona met Vaughan Hill who knows the risks only too well. He lost an arm in a great white shark attack!
Most of the land in the Chatham Islands is privately owned. Access to many areas is by permission of the owners. This ensures protection of sensitive environmental areas. Your host is able to make access arrangements and take you on guided eco-tours.
Locals love to tell or show the early Moriori settlement sites, rare examples of rock carvings and remnants of whale stations. Morioris settled there prior to the Maori'.
The only statue on the island is a tribute to the last remaining full-blooded Moriori who died in the 1930s. A stand of carved trees remains from the Moriori. Ancestors, fish and birds are depicted, but sadly, the tree is expected to live for only another five years or so.
Hotel Chatham by the sea in Waitangi is family-owned and operated. There are 19 rooms including superior and executive suites, and double, twin and single units. It has a licensed restaurant and bar offering the best in local seafood and good wines.
The Chathams are part of New Zealand so there are no border controls or formalities on arrival when travellers depart from the mainland but visitors are advised to have prearranged their accommodation on the islands. Flights can hardly be booked without you securing accommodation on the island. In fact transport operators may refuse to carry passengers without accommodation bookings. There is no scheduled public transport but accommodation providers are normally able to arrange transport.
The Chatham Islands, a 90-minute flight from Christchurch.
Hotel Chatham rooms range between $60 to $300 a night. The best time to visit is between October and the end of April.
Air New Zealand has one-way flights to Christchurch from:
- Sydney $189
- Melbourne $198
- Brisbane $208
- Adelaide $299
- Perth $548
There are regular air services between Chatham Islands and Christchurch International Airport. Accommodation must be secured before booking a flight.
Schedules vary between summer and winter.
Fares range from $377 to $615 one way. Children’s fares range from $271 to $437 one way.
Prices correct at March 31, 2011.
For further information
Air New Zealand
Ph: 132 476
Box 3, Post Office
Chatham Islands 8030
Ph: +64 3 305 0048
Fax: +64 3 305 0097
Visas: Australian citizens do not require a visa to enter the Chatham Islands.
Electricity: 230V at 50Hz using the same plugs as in Australia.
Time zone: GMT +12.45.
Currency: The New Zealand dollar.
International dialling code: +64.